Thursday, January 29, 2009

Plantago ovata

Plantago ovata
: Plantaginaceae
English name : Blond psyllium , Spogel seeds
Indian name: Snigdhabijah,Snigdhajirakah (Sanskrit)Isabgol, Isabgul (Hindi)Iskol,Isphogol (Tamil)
Species : Plantago ovata
P. psyllium

It is indigenous to the Mediterranean region, Pakistan,Persia,Mexicoand West Asia. It has been introduced in India and cultivated specially in Gujarat and some parts of Rajasthan. Now India dominates the world market in the production and export of psyllium.
Isabgol (Plantago ovata) is an annual herb that grows to a height of 12 to 18 in. Leaves are born alternately opposite, linear or linear lanceolate on the stem. The seeds are enclosed in capsules that open at maturity. Seeds are translucent and concavo-covex.Isagol. The root system has a well developed tap root with few fibrous secondary roots. A large number of flowering shoots arise from the base of the plant. Flowers are numerous, small, and white. Plants flower about 60 days after planting.


Blooming begins two months after sowing and the crop become ready for harvest in February- March (110-130 days after sowing). When mature, the crop turn yellowish and the spikes turn brownish. The seeds are shed when the spikes are pressed even slightly. At the time of harvest, the atmosphere must be dry and there should be no moisture on the plant (nearly after noon), harvesting will lead to considerable seed shattering.


Gujarat –1
Haryana Isabgol –5
Jawahar Isabgol-4

Diseases of Isabgol: Plantago wilt Fusarium oxyspirum and downy mildew are the major diseases of Isabgol.

MANURES, FERTILISERS AND PESTICIDES The medicinal plants have to be grown without chemical fertilizers and use of pesticides. Organic manures like, Farm Yard Manure (FYM), Vermi-Compost, Green Manure etc. may be used as per requirement of the species. To prevent diseases, bio-pesticides could be prepared (either single or mixture) from Neem (kernel, seeds & leaves), Chitrakmool, Dhatura, Cow's urine etc.


Ø It is Diuretic, Emollient and Cooling.
Ø Used in inflamatory conditions of mucous memberane of gastro intestinal and genitourinary tracts.
ØVery well known as a laxative.
ØIt restores proper bowel movements and used in treatment of chronic constipation, amoebic and bucillary dysentary.
ØRecent study shows that use in high fiber breakfast cereals containing psyllium are effective in reducing cholesterol.

Healing Power and Curative Properties
The medicinal properties of the seeds are largely due to the large amount of mucilage and albuminous matter present in them. The~ seeds are cooling and mildly laxative. They act as a diuretic and also have a soothing effect on the skin and mucous membranes.Constipation
Due to its soothing effect on the mucous membranes Ispaghula is used in constipation. The seeds should be soaked in water before use, which makes them disintegrate in the alimentary canal. The large amount of mucilage in the seeds binds and increases the mass of the stool, thus smoothening its passage. The action is, chiefly mechanical, rather than physiological. Two tablespoons of the seeds should be taken with r milk or water in this condition. The seeds are particularly useful in chronic constipation characterised by spasms.

Ispaghula seeds are a popular remedy for several kinds of chronic dysentery and diarrhoea. In case of heaviness in the stomach and the intestines in dysentery, about 50 grams of castor oil should be administered with milk to ease out hard lumps of stools. When a few motions have cleared the intestines, 12 grams of ispaghula seeds mixed with about 100 grams of curd should be taken three to four times in the day.A mixture of 180 grams each of the seeds and sugar candy given three or four times a day is an effective remedy for slimy dysentery. For chronic diarrhoea and dysentery, the seeds can be taken either as a decoction or infusion of powder with sugar.
Abdominal Pain
Ispaghula is useful in treating frequent griping in the belly caused by stomach ulcers. The seeds with husk are soaked in water or milk for a few hours. The liquid is strained and can be taken at night. The high mucilaginous content in the herb forms a covering inside the intestinal wall which protects the lining mucosa and helps in the healing of ulcers. Irritation and gripe will also decrease.

Ispaghula seeds are one of the most effective remedies for piles. While the high mucilage content in this herb cures constipation, the rich tannin content cures inflammation and ulceration in the intestinal tract up to the anus. This double action helps cure piles.
The embryo oil of the seeds, having 50 per cent linoleic acid, prevents arteriosclerosis. This oil is more active than safflower oil, and has been found to reduce the serum 1:holesterol level in rabbits.
Ispaghula is very useful in the treatment of gonorrhoea because of its diuretic and soothing properties

Ispaghula is an effective remedy in whitlow affecting the pulp of the' fingertip with an abcess. About 12 grams of ispaghula should be soaked in 45 grams of vinegar and applied to the spot when the whole thing has swollen. The poultice-like mixture should be bandaged with a clean cloth and water sprinkled over it. The bandage should be changed every 3 hours. The inflammation will subside within 3 days.
An emollient poultice made of the seeds with vinegar and oil is useful for rheumatism and gout

Ø Research also indicates that psyllium incorporated into food products is more effective at reducing blood glucose response than use of a soluble fiber supplement that is separate from the food.
Ø Psyllium mucilage is also used as a natural dietary fiber for animals.
Ø The dehusked seed that remains after the seed coat is milled off is rich in starch and fatty acids and is used in India as chicken feed and as cattle feed.
Ø The seed husk is used to cure inflammation of the mucus membrane of gastrointestinal and genito-urinary tracts, chronic constipation, dysentery, duodenal ulcers, gonorrhea and piles.
Ø• It is also used in calico printing, setting lotions and food industry.

Gujarat Isabgol-1, variety yields 800-900 kg of seeds per hectare. The new variety 'Gujarat Isabgol-2' has a potential to yield 1,000 kg of seeds per hectare

India’s isabgol farms are spread over 55,000 acres in Gujarat and Rajasthan. Farmers in Madhya Pradesh are catching on. From about 97 mn kg isabgol seed, two dozen companies manufacture husk.

It is sold in grades according to purity and mesh size. Psyllium dust - called Kha Kha powder - is used industrially. The United States is the world's largest importer of psyllium "husk" with over 60% of total imports going to pharmaceutical firms for use in products such as "Metamucil", "Effersyllium" and "Fiberall". P&G, which makes Metamucil, is India’s single largest customer. Due to awareness about isabgol, demand is pouring in from Malaysia, Australia, Thailand, Germany, Japan, Pakistan, Spain and UK. Last year Organic India exported 500 t isabgol. This year he expects sales to jump with the introduction of online delivery. The company has contracted farmers in Rajasthan to grow organic isabgol. Expenditure per ha. Rs. 25,000/- Return per ha. Rs.63000/- Net income Rs.38000/- (YEAR-2001) Note: Market for medicinal plants is volatile and the economics may vary


  1. Kadam Exports Private Ltd., is a Government Recognized Export house and GMP - Good Manufacturing Practices approved company. The Registered Office of the Kadam is situated At Ahmedabad. We are manufacturer exporter of Organic and Natural Psyllium Seed / Husk / Powder.

    Regular usage of Psyllium husk once in a month also helps weight loss by keeping your metabolism rate since it acts on the digestive organs. Also, it is very important that when you take psyllium husk, you drink extra water to ensure that the psyllium can move through the colon with ease. Psyllium fibers absorb waste in the stomach and removes it out from the colon.

    Psyllium should always be taken on an empty stomach – that is 1 hour to 30 minutes before breakfast and/or lunch and/or supper. Regular intake of Psyllium Husk promotes in losing extra pounds from stuck body toxins. Regular exercise and healthy diet while taking Psyllium Husk will greatly help to speed up losing unwanted body fats.

    Psyllium husk has been proven to benefit those who suffer from diabetes. In Type 2 diabetes, it can help improve the control of lipids. The fiber content reduces the release of dietary sugar from the digestive tract into the blood stream, thus assisting in the stabilization of blood sugar level.

    Isabgol also helps in maintaining to maintain healthy cholesterol levels and hence helps in maintaining healthy heart and reduces risk of heart diseases. It keeps blood sugar in control thus diabetic patients can also take it.

    Psyllium Husk Exporters

  2. Buenas, os dejo un enlace sobre el Plantago Ovata.